Emergency Procedures Review A

Emergency Procedures Review A

A review of the topics discussed for the SOLO Certificate is recommended.

The following additional topics need to be discussed:


  • Issues on 2-way climb outs, and
  • Emergency aircraft exit altitudes can be a bit lower now if needed.


  • Freefall 2-way problems, and
  • Losing track of your 2-way partner.

Canopy Control

Canopy avoidance drills, and what to do if you can't avoid,
The two square canopies out scenario discussion should include:

  • Cutting away down planes,
  • Identifying the dominant canopy,
  • Steering and landing sides by sides, and
  • Steering and landing biplanes.
  • The novices need to understand the risk of entanglement if cutaways are performed, and
  • Group landing patterns.


RSL’s, and AAD’s have limitations and the novice needs to be aware of the situations where these devices can be a disadvantage. i.e. Spinning malfunctions, prolonged level flights, and
Discuss gear transitions and borrowing gear. See PIM 2B.

Water Landing

A full unintentional water landing briefing is mandatory at this point. There are many key points to stress:

  • Avoidance,
  • Get to solid ground or shallow water if possible,
  • Avoid moving water,
  • Preparation,
  • Loosening the harness,
  • Shoes, gloves, helmet,
  • Inflate floatation device (if available),
  • Landing,
  • Long deep breaths to retain oxygen,
  • Flare and before touching down,
  • Front loop down and out of the harness,
  • Discard helmet, shoes,
  • Swim away from the canopy,
  • Tread water and disrobe,
  • Swim for shore, and
  • Equipment concerns do need to be addressed.

Night Jumps

For unintentional night jumps specifically discuss:

  • Selecting safe alternates,
  • Landing in deep brakes, and
  • PLF

The full night and water jump endorsements must be acquired by the novice prior to intentionally performing these types of jumps. A SSE is responsible for certifying.